2013 - ISODP 2013 Congress


Mini-Oral 1 on Donation

8.16 - The Islamic founding principles on organ transplantation and evolution of the collective scholarly Islamic opinion on the subject

Presenter: Ruhul, Kuddus, Orem, United States
Authors: Ruhul Kuddus


The Islamic founding principles on organ transplantation and evolution of the collective scholarly Islamic opinion on the subject

Ruhul Kuddus1

1Biology, Utah Valley University, Orem, UT, United States

Background: Muslims constitute one-fifth of the humanity and a significant fraction of the organ recipients identify themselves as Muslims. A large fraction of Muslim population is devout but unaware of the religious principles on organ donation and transplantation and depends on scholars’ (among Sunnis) and imams’ (among Shias) opinions on the matter.

Methods: The Qur’an, the authentic Traditions and expert collective opinions on the subject were investigated.

Results: The founding principles on transplantation medicine are from the Qur’an (for example, sacredness of life and the human body, and some infractions are allowed to preserve life), the Traditions (such as, sanctity of the corpse, prophet’s allowing of a mutilated male subject transplanting with a prosthetic nose made of noble i.e. forbidden metals, and prophet’s forbidding of the use of wigs; etc.) and maslaha (the principles of public interest deduced by the scholars to protect a person’s religion, life, reason, lineage and property). In general and briefly, Muslim scholars, particularly the scholars of Indian subcontinent, initially attempted to establish that organ donation and transplantation is prohibited. Thereafter, many Arab and Iranian scholars and Muslim scholars (including those from Indian subcontinent) settled in the western hemisphere opined that organ donation and transplantation are permitted but organ donation must be a voluntary act of charity. Of late, the Iranian scholars (and imams) have recognized that the government but not any private parties may acquire organs for an established uniform compensation and equitably distribute the acquired organs.

Conclusions: The current Islamic working principles on transplantation medicine have remained somewhat transitory, emerging if not confusing, and detached from the bulk of the Muslim population. The effect of such a status on transplantation medicine, particularly on organ donation, needed to be investigated.


You must be logged in to view recordings

Important Disclaimer

By viewing the material on this site you understand and accept that:

  1. The opinions and statements expressed on this site reflect the views of the author or authors and do not necessarily reflect those of The Transplantation Society and/or its Sections.
  2. The hosting of material on The Transplantation Society site does not signify endorsement of this material by The Transplantation Society and/or its Sections.
  3. The material is solely for educational purposes for qualified health care professionals.
  4. The Transplantation Society and/or its Sections are not liable for any decision made or action taken based on the information contained in the material on this site.
  5. The information cannot be used as a substitute for professional care.
  6. The information does not represent a standard of care.
  7. No physician-patient relationship is being established.

Our Corporate Sponsors

TTS gratefully acknowledges the Corporate Partners whose generous support makes the work of the Society possible:

  • astellas
  • roche
  • sanofi