2013 - ISODP 2013 Congress

Mini-Oral 4 on Creating Change

11.13 - Profile of Family Member Responsible for Organ and Tissue Donation in the State of Rio de Janeiro

Presenter: Eduardo, Rocha, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Authors: Janaina Lenzi, Andreia Assis, Márcia Ponte, Priscila Paura, André Albuquerque, Rodrigo Sarlo, Cláudia Araújo, Eduardo Rocha

Profile of Family Member Responsible for Organ and Tissue Donation in the State of Rio de Janeiro

Janaina Lenzi1, Andreia Assis1, Márcia Ponte1, Priscila Paura2, André Albuquerque2, Rodrigo Sarlo3, Cláudia Araújo5, Eduardo Rocha5,4

1Family Services, State Organ Procurement Organization , Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2Education, State Organ Procurement Organization, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 3General Coordination, State Organ Procurement Organization, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 4Health Foundation, State Health Board, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 5COPPEAD, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Introduction: In Brazil, there is a shortage of organs to be donated and study the profile of families who consent to donation may help to increase the number of transplantations. In this sense, this study aims to investigate the gender and degree of kinship of who authorizes the donation in Rio de Janeiro (RJ), in order to improve the communication strategy with families of potential donors. There is no consensus on the influence of gender on the decision to donate or not to donate an organ of a family member. According to Breitkopf  (2009), women are more likely to consent to donation than are men. On the other hand, Morais et al. (2012) analyzed Brazilian families of potential donors who did not choose to donate organs in the period from January 1997 to December 2004 and the results indicated that most family members responsible for refusing donation were women; regarding the degree of kinship, the family members were offspring (34%), spouses (25%), parents (23%) or siblings (18%).

Methods: Analysis of the donation rates by gender and kinship of the family member responsible for authorizing donation. Data were collected from medical records of the donors filed at the Transplant State Program for the year of 2012.

Results: Women were responsible for 55.46% of consent for organ donation of the family member, of which 33.33% were mothers, 27.78% daughters, 23.81% spouses or partners, and 15.08% sisters.

Conclusion: These results differ from the findings of Morais et al. (2012), whose data were from 1997 to 2004, and suggest that, in Rio de Janeiro, women have an important role in the process of organ donation since they are more likely to consent to donation. Therefore, the findings highlight that women may serve as an excellent bridge between healthcare providers and families to increase the number of donations in Rio.

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