2013 - ISODP 2013 Congress


Oral Presentation 7 on Education and Communications 1

14.3 - Effects of a modified education program in organ donation in Norway

Presenter: Ingebjorg, Kvangarsnes, Oslo, Norway
Authors: Käthe Meyer, Ingebjørg Kvangarsnes, Pål Foyn Jørgensen, Per Arne Bakkan, Urs Christen, Stein Foss


Effects of a modified education program in organ donation in Norway

Käthe Meyer1,2, Ingebjørg Kvangarsnes1,2, Pål Foyn Jørgensen1,2, Per Arne Bakkan1,2, Urs Christen1,2, Stein Foss1,2,1

1Transplantation, Oslo University hospital, Oslo, Norway, 2Norwegian resource group for organ donation, Oslo, Norway

Background:

Competence in the organ donor process is known to be essential for high rates in organ donation, low refusal rate and organs available for transplantation. Two Norwegian surveys investigating intensive care personnel’s knowledge and attitudes revealed a deficiency in communicative skills and cognition of the organ donor process. The educational program, organised as a two days seminar by the Norwegian Resource Group for Organ Donation (Norod), did not fulfil physicians’ and nurses’ perceived needs.

 

Method and materials:

In 2009 we initiated a modification of our program. A revised program with uniform lectures focusing on communication training was introduced in 2011.

Concomitantly we started systematically evaluation. An evaluation form was filled in by the participants at the end of each seminar. The items covered all lectures and the learning effect employing a Likert-like scale as well as an evaluation in own words. The results were analysed by frequency, and the previous and present program were compared by t-test. The written evaluation was assessed by text analysis to describe participants’ opinions about the program and their suggestions for improvement.

 

Results:

A total of 275 participants evaluated the seminars. The participants in the present education program scored high on most themes, mean 4.18-4.74 (range1-5), and the learning effect was higher in the present than in the previous program. More interactive lectures were requested and the communication training was much appreciated. The donation rate has increased from 21.14 pmp in 2009 till 23.27 pmp in 2012. In the same period the refusal rate declined from 26 % to 17%.

 

Conclusion:

Participants of the Norod seminars seemed more satisfied with the new educational program. We will continue to refine the program and highlight the interactive educational method. Modifications of the donor hospitals educational program according to reported needs may increase the donation rate significantly.


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