2013 - ISODP 2013 Congress
Oral Presentation 7 on Education and Communications 1
14.4 - Analysis of social awareness of organ donation in the secondary school population in Galicia
Presenter: Jacinto, Sanchez-Ibanez, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Authors: Jacinto Sanchez-IbaÃ±ez, Marta Alvarez Vazquez, Encarnacion Bouzas CaamaÃ±o, Anton Fernandez Garcia, Maria Valentina Fernandez Lopez, Enrique Alemparte Pardavila
Analysis of social awareness of organ donation in the secondary school population in Galicia
Jacinto Sanchez-IbaÃ±ez1, Marta Alvarez Vazquez1, Encarnacion Bouzas CaamaÃ±o1, Anton Fernandez Garcia2, Maria Valentina Fernandez Lopez2, Enrique Alemparte Pardavila3
1Regional Transplant Coordination, Galician health Service, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, 2Hospital Transplant Coordination Office, Complejo Hospitalario universitario A CoruÃ±a, A CoruÃ±a, Spain, 3Hospital Transplant Coordination Unit, Complejo Hospitalario Pontevedra, Pontevedra, Spain
Introduction: The family refusal rate in Galicia is traditionally higher than that of Spain as a whole. To change this attitude it is important to work with the young population in school. We analyse the results of a program designed by the Transplant Coordination Office in Galicia to introduce organ donation to students over 14 years old.
Material and Methods: From 2007 until June 2013, 531 talks were given at schools in Galicia by hospital transplant coordinators together with organ recipients about all aspects of donation and transplantation. We analysed the answers to the five questions included in the questionnaire given out at the end of each talk.
Results: 27,850 students attended the talks. The mean age was 17.3 ± 4.4 years old; 56.7% were female and 43.3% male. Q1: Would you like to be transplanted? Yes: females 97.4% vs males 94.1% (p=0.000). Q2: Will you donate your organs? Yes: females 89.2% vs males 81.2% (p=0.000); population of the municipality > 10,000 inhabitants (86.2%) vs < 10,000 (83,8%) (p=0.000); students >15 years old (86.2%) vs <15 (84,4%) (p=0,001). Q3: Would you donate the organs of a relative who doesn´t manifest his or her wish in life? Yes: females 46.6% vs males 43.3% (p=0.000); population of the municipality > 10,000 inhabitants (45.9%) vs < 10,000 (42.4%) (p=0.000); students >15 years old (46.5%) vs <15 (41,6%) (p=0.000). Q4: Will you respect a relative’s decision to donate? Yes: females 98.3% vs males 96.1% (p=0.000); population of the municipality > 10,000 inhabitants (97.5%) vs < 10,000 (96.7%) (p=0.002); students >15 years old (97.6%) vs <15 (96.8%) (p=0.000). Q5: Is brain death the death of the person? No difference between genders, greater acceptance when the population > 10.000 (69%) vs < 10,000 (63.5%) (p=0.000) and when the age is > 15 years old (69.2%) vs <15 (64.1%) (p=0.000). The mean score for student assessment of the talks was 8.5/10
Conclusion: After the talks we observed a positive attitude towards donation, although the understanding of the concept of brain death shows room for improvement. We observed differences according to gender, age, and population of the municipality.
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