In The News - Volume 1 - Issue 20 - November 29, 2015
The risk of developing leishmaniasis multiplies a hundredfold in transplant patients
Researchers from Spain have analysed the prevalence of leishmaniasis among the population of organ transplant recipients. The findings of this study, published in the journal PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, confirm that the risk of developing visceral leishmaniasis, the most severe form of the disease which can pose life-threatening complications, is more than one hundred times greater in transplant patients living in areas of disease outbreak.
Organ transplants for HIV-positive Americans could begin next year
New rules published Wednesday by the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) will guide research surrounding organ transplants between HIV-positive donors and recipients.
The change reflects the new reality of HIV: Antiretroviral drug cocktails have made near-normal lifespans possible for those with the virus, and as they are living longer, they are also developing the kinds of chronic diseases that necessitate organ transplants.
Clinical impact of effective HCV DAAs: referrals for liver transplant drop after their introduction
The number of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related referrals for liver transplant has declined significantly since the introduction of HCV direct-acting antivirals (DAAs), according to two US studies presented to the recent 2015 AASLD Liver Meeting in San Francisco. The approval of the second generation of DAAs was accompanied by a 23% reduction on the proportion of liver transplant referrals that were HCV related.
Common cause for complications after kidney transplantation identified
The BK polyomavirus often causes complications after kidney transplantation. The research group of Professor Hans H. Hirsch from the Department of Biomedicine at the University of Basel has now been able to show, that the immunosuppressive drug Tacrolimus directly activates the replication of the virus and could thus be responsible for these complications. The American Journal of Transplantation has published the study.
Govt to create transplant facility in every college: Nadda
To bridge the gap between demand and availability of human organs for transplantation, the government will work towards creating a transplant facility in every medical college in the country.
"At present all transplant facilities are available in metropolitan cities and 95 per cent are in private sector. There is a need to increase the facilities in other parts of the country. The Ministry will work to create a transplant facility in every medical college in the country in a phased manner," Health Minister J P Nadda said.
Medical Milestone! India's First Windpipe Transplantation Surgery Performed Successfully
Doctors at the Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences in Kerala have successfully completed the first stage of a windpipe transplant in the country. The transplant was performed on a 37-year-old woman who had cancer in her trachea.
In the first stage, the trachea, which was donated by the relatives of a brain-dead patient, was embedded in the recipient’s forearm after stripping it of all cells. The second phase will be performed in six weeks, after ensuring complete acceptance of the implanted trachea by the recipient’s body.
Lung Transplant Program Resumes At Nebraska Medicine
After years of planning and preparation, Nebraska Medicine announced Tuesday the restart of its lung transplant program, making the hospital one of a few nationwide now offering all solid organ transplants.