In The News - Volume 1 - Issue 23 - December 20, 2015

Surgery is more effective than drug in hyperparathyroidism post-kidney transplantation
A study led by researchers from the Nephrology group at Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL) and the University Hospital of Bellvitge (HUB), compared the results of surgery with drug therapy in patients with tertiary hyperparathyroidism, ie after a kidney transplant. The results of the research have been published in the journal of greatest impact in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
Dec 16/15

Liver transplant improves vitamin D, bone mineral density for PSC
ORLANDO — Liver transplant recipients with primary sclerosing cholangitis had improved bone mineral density and higher 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels after transplant compared with before transplant, according to a poster presented at the Advances in Inflammatory Bowel Disease annual conference.
In a retrospective review, researchers from Cleveland Clinic Digestive Disease Institute, including Ramprasad Jegadeesan, MD, analyzed data of 120 patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) listed in the Cleveland Clinic liver transplantation database between 1985 and 2013. Variables, such as 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and bone mineral density (BMD) of lumbar spine and hip were measured before and after liver transplant.

Impact of age on the prognosis after liver transplantation for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma: a single-center experience
Background: Liver transplantation (LT) offers the most effective treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma patients. Various preoperative variables are correlated with survival after LT, but the prognostic role of aging on LT remains controversial.
Methods: Between January 2001 and December 2011, 290 consecutive transplants for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma performed in Shanghai First People’s Hospital (People’s Republic of China) were analyzed retrospectively. We compared patient characteristics and survival curves between a younger group (less than 49 years, n=135) and an aged group (50 years or older, n=155). We then performed Cox multivariate regression analysis of the risk factors for survival in aged and younger patients.
Dec 16/15

Zimbabwe: Zim to Resume Kidney Transplants
Paidamoyo Chipunza — Zimbabwe is set to resume kidney transplants early next year after the first project was abandoned in 1992. The project -- to be run by Chitungwiza Central Hospital -- will save huge sums in foreign currency as renal patients will no longer have to travel to South Africa, India and other Western countries for transplants. Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals stopped kidney transplants in 1992 following the discovery of more HIV cases that saw more resources being diverted towards the fight against the pandemic.
Dec 15/15

Maharashtra bars foreigners from organ transplants
NAGPUR: The state government has amended laws for organ donation and included grandparents and grandchildren in the list of donors. At the same time it has banned extraction of organs of minors and mentally challenged persons.
Announcing the changes in law, medical education minister Vinod Tawde said that now organs donated by Indian citizens can no longer be transplanted in bodies of foreigners. "Other than doctors now trained paramedical staff can also extract eyes from donors. The committee appointed to oversee such transplants under the Act have now been given judicial powers," he added.
Dec 19/15

Making headway: SIUT to perform liver transplants on children from next year
The Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT) is all set to perform liver transplants on children from early next year, announced Sindh health minister Jam Mehtab Hussain Dahar.
He was speaking at the 7th symposium at the National Institute of Child Health (NICH) on Saturday. The transplantation will be performed in collaboration with the Sindh government, he said.
The minister said the Sindh government is making all-out efforts to provide facilities to deal with health issues. Earlier, teenage children suffered from liver diseases but now young children also suffer from these health issues, he added.
Dec 20/15