In The News - Volume 2 - Issue 2 - January 10, 2016
Ontario study finds solid organ transplant recipients 3 times more likely to die of cancer
Recipients of solid organ transplants — kidney, liver, heart or lung — are three times more likely to die from cancer than the general population, according to a new study from the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences and St. Michael’s Hospital.
While it’s been known that transplant recipients are at higher risk for cancer, this study proves they are at increased risk of death from malignancy, explains Dr. Nancy Baxter, senior author of the study published Thursday in JAMA Oncology.
The study suggests transplant recipients may require different cancer screening, surveillance and treatment strategies.
Racial disparities in kidney transplantation rates eased by new allocation system
Year-old changes to the system that distributes deceased donor kidneys nationwide have significantly boosted transplantation rates for black and Hispanic patients on waiting lists, reducing racial disparities inherent in the previous allocation formula used for decades, according to results of research led by a Johns Hopkins transplant surgeon.
The research, described online in December in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, also showed other "winners and losers" in the new system. Younger adults gained wider access to these coveted organs, compared to those who are still "overrepresented" on recipient lists -- those over 50 and those whose immune systems more readily tend to reject donor organs.
ISHLT issues updated candidacy criteria for heart transplantation
New York, NY, January 7, 2016 - To determine patient eligibility for heart transplant, the International Society for Heart Lung Transplantation (ISHLT) maintains a list of criteria, first issued in 2006, that acts as a guideline for physicians. A major 10-year update has now been issued and published in The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, which is freely available at http://www.jhltonline.org.
NEARLY 25 PERCENT OF DUTCH REGISTER AS ORGAN DONORS
Almost a quarter of the Dutch population aged 12 years and older were registered as organ donors in 2015. That is about 2 million women and 1.6 million men, according to figures released by Statistics Netherlands on Tuesday.
According to the Netherlands Transplant Foundation, about a thousand people are on the waiting list for organ transplants – most of them are waiting for a kidney.
Last year 40 percent of the Dutch population were listed on the donor registry, and 24 percent gave permission for his or her organs or tissues to be used after death.